Open Access Blogs

The cost of open access to Germany research and educational intuitions

There are two avenues for publishing open access articles: The Gold and Green open access. Access to open access journals is free of charge. Nonetheless, there is always cost associated with publishing or disseminating open access articles. There is no publication cost for Green open access articles- they are uploaded in institutional repositories without undergoing rigorous process of peer review and publishing. But there is a cost for depositing and disseminating articles. However, Gold open access (fully and hybrid open access journals) comes with a significant publishing cost, which is Article Processing Charges (APCs).

Average APCs

The cost usually ranges from $1000 to $3000 depending on the quality (impact factor) of journals. Yet some countries have APC cap. For instance, a maximum fee that Germany institutions pay for APCs is € 2000.

Article Processing Charges are usually covered by authors, educational/research institutions or by funding agencies. European Union makes APCs available through Horizon2020 program. Research funding agencies such as Jisc, Bill and Melinda Gates also cover APC related costs. Obviously, educational and research institutions pay millions for subscription to get access to non-open access journals. On top of this, some institutions pay APCs. This cost can be significant to institutions. However, how significant this cost is? This is the question that Najko Jahn and Marco Tullney’s study attempted to address.

The Cost of Open Access

For instance, between 2005 and 2015 Germany educational and research institutions paid APCs amounted to € 9,627,537 to cover APCs for 7,417 articles. Out of the total paid for APCs, €3,661,120 (2,856 articles) came from Max Planck Institute. Most of the APCs went to fully and hybrid open access journal publishers. Springer Nature and Public Library of Science (PLoS) received about 54 per cent of the APCs from Germany institutions.

Study by Najko Jahn and Marco Tullney revealed that hybrid journals charge more APCs than fully open access journals. They found out that Germany institutions prefer to publish on fully open access journals. In contrast, the UK and Australian institutions mostly pay APCs to hybrid open access journals.

As indicated above, research institutions are spending significant amount of money to realize open access. What is not clear yet is that how much this effort is encouraging researchers to publish on either fully or hybrid journals.

PeerJ | A study of institutional spending on open access publication fees in Germany

Thanks for reading this article. Please comment on it and also do not forget to share it.

Related Post

European Open Science Cloud: building a research data e-infrastructure

European research and institutional repositories are very much fragmented. The fragmentation has led to inefficiencies which might have impeded the speed of research and innovation. To address this issue, the European Commission has been working to realize a massive e-infrastructure- European Open Science Cloud (EOSC). The EOSC will combine various data infrastructures to provide fast and seamless access to data. The EOSC will be a […]

Read more
Unpaywall Plug-In: Open Access advocates’ new approach to bring paywall down

Impactstory, a nonprofit organization working to advance open access, has unveiled Unpaywall a browser plug-in that gives users easy access to electronic open access scientific articles. This plugin, according to Futurism, scans more than 90 million open access articles with Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs). Unpaywall’s plug-in is compatible with Chrome and Firefox web browsers. It is funded […]

Read more wins Open Science Prize, a website that enables researchers visualize and track virus evolution in real time, has won Open Science Prize.’s model integrates shared and open data from various global research teams to facilitate pathogen surveillance and epidemiological investigations, PLOS reports. Currently, is tracking the evolution of Ebola, Zika, Avian Influenza and Influenza viruses. Its […]

Read more

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *



Please read our documentation file to know how to change colors as you want