Open Access is the future

The survey conducted by Springer Nature demonstrates that the vast majority of research institutions, academicians and librarians from around the world believe that open access is the future of  scientific publishing.

According to this survey more than 70% of the respondents believe that all future scientific research output should be accessible via open access platforms.

The survey was conducted in 2017 on 200 people.

The majority of the respondents have no doubt that the move towards fully embracing open access will be achieved- two thirds believe this will be accomplished with in the coming 10 years.


The future of anonymous peer-review

The standard approach to publish a scientific research output is through peer-review, a process through which independent experts scrutinize papers submitted for publication and evaluate their quality and integrity. For years, peer review has been the accepted tool to guarantee the quality of scientific papers.

Based on their expertise and independent assessment of the paper, reviewers advice editors what to do: publish it or reject. They indicate issues that need to be addressed through critical comments, which, traditionally, are only accessible to authors and editors. The rejection rate of papers is high, particularly in high impact factor journals. Usually authors are blamed for this. There is high competition among authors to publish on high impact factor journals. This makes the work of some authors to miss the high bar; the major reason given for rejection. This is not to say that reviewers are free from blame. But authors point their fingers at reviewers. The main criticism directed against reviewers are bias, inconsistency, abuse of peer-review and time it takes.  This has led to increasing call for open peer-review: making reviewers’ comments and identity accessible to the public.

According to a survey conducted by OpenAIRE2020 on 3000 individuals, 60% of the respondents supported the idea of publishing reviewers’ comments. According to Philip Campbell, editor-in-chief of Nature, 62% of authors have demonstrated keen interest to see reviewers’ comments online. Elsevier’s research demonstrates that out 259 people invited for a pilot project 70% participated in an open peer-review. Moreover, 45% of the participants do not see any problem with unmasking their identity. Nonetheless, only 2% of journal publishers give full access to them.

Peer review is usually anonymous: the authors and the public don’t know who reviewed a certain paper. But there is an ongoing discussion about the need to reveal the reviewers’ identity in order to increase the transparency of the review process. On the other hand, others argue that the risk outweighs potential benefits: reviewers might decline to participate. Nevertheless, so far this idea has not garnered enough support; the RAND Europe survey showed that only 3.5% of journals have a policy of unmasking the identity of reviewers. Read more

In the Netherlands 42% of all peer-reviewed papers published in 2016 are in open access

According to the research conducted by Jeroen Bosman and Bianca Kramer, in the Netherlands a significant number of peer reviewed articles are published on open access journals. That means open access accounts for 42% of all peer reviewed papers published in 2016. The study also found out that, since 2015, there is upward trend in open access publications in the country. The research did not explain the reason behind.

The research highlights that most of the papers are published on Gold and Hybrid open access journals; only 5% of open access papers are available through Green open access. This means that authors or research funders are paying Article Processing Charges (APCs) to publish these papers on open access platforms. This comes with a substantial APCs.  Though it differs from journals to journals, APCs can be as high as 3000 Euros.

Read full article on Open Access

University of Oxford and Elsevier announced five-year collaboration to develop research talent in mathematics

University of Oxford and Elsevier announced five-year collaboration aimed at developing research talent in the filed of mathematics and data science. The collaboration will give an opportunity for early career post doc researchers to learn and work alongside globally distinguished academics in the field of mathematics.  Moreover, Oxford Mathematics will host high profile meetings and workshops throughout the five-year collaboration period with Elsevier.

Read full article on PR Newswire

Open Access Review: Major Stories of 2017

In 2017, the world of open access took drastic steps forward, both in recognition, legislation and the creation of important new platforms and foundations. However, publishers continue in their fight against open access, especially with regards to pirated scientific papers and the websites that host them.

Open Access had a major step forward when multiple German universities decided not to renew their subscriptions with Elsivier:

A bold open-access push in Germany could change the future of academic publishing

Major German Universities Cancel Elsevier Contracts

In October, publishers filed a lawsuit against ResearchGate, insisting that the platform remove millions of papers:

Publishers threaten to remove millions of papers from ResearchGate

Similarly, in November, science piracy site SciHub was shut down following a lawsuit filed by the American Chemical Society:

Science piracy site Sci Hub has been ordered to shut down

American Chemical Society Wins Lawsuit Against Sci-Hub

The world of academic research also began to realize the prevalence of predatory publishers:

Identifying Predatory Publishers

The United States launched legislation to encourage scientists to share their data:

House Democrats Introduce “Scientific Integrity Act”

May 2017 saw the launch of Gates Foundation open research, as well as the launch of Unpaywall:

Immediate & Transparent Publishing

Launch of Unpaywall

This fall, an Open Access Platform for African scientists was also announced:

African scientists get their own open-access publishing platform

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